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In Vietnam there are 54 ethnic groups. Some of them have their own language and cultural identity. However, the Vietnamese language is used as a common means of communication for all living in Vietnam and as cement for a strong community.
Many foreign languages, such as English, French, Chinese, German, and Russian, are used in international relations.

Literature: Oral and Written Tradition

The basis of traditional culture in Vietnam is folk culture, which includes a rich and abundant treasury of myths, stories, legends, popular songs, and various forms of theatre. This folk culture developed in oral form before a written language appeared in Vietnam.
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Traditional Customs

In the spiritual life of the Vietnamese people, have always existed different forms of beliefs and religions, among which the cult of the mother, of the tutelary spirit of the village, of Buddha, of the ancestors, or even the cult of the national heroes.
Today, folk beliefs appear to be very popular again. Several temples and palaces are thus renovated and welcome numerous activities and celebrations.
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Clothing

Evolution of the costume

In Vietnam, there are 54 ethnic groups, many of them have a unique and specific style of clothing. The traditional costumes of native Vietnamese nations are generally colourful and woven with natural fibre, such as hemp, silk, or cotton. Read More

Conical Hat (non la)

Vietnamese_conical_hat nonla

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Stage Performance

Cheo or Vietnamese Popular Theatre

Cheo is a form of stage performance that originated in the Northern countryside. The word cheo means "lyrics of folk ballads, proverbs." Cheo includes dance, music, and popular stories. Human rights and the battle of good against evil are common themes. The joyfulness and optimism of cheo is expressed through humour and wit.
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Dance

Folk Dance

Approximately 2,500 years ago, pictures of dancers were engraved on the Dong Son drums. These engravings reveal two dance styles, one with accessories and one without accessories. The main dance accessory was a hat ornamented with a bird feather; it appears that the ancient Vietnamese treasured hats. Read More
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Traditional Music 

Since ancient times, the Vietnamese have had a strong inclination for music. It is always present and tends to express their innermost feelings, to encourage themselves while working and fighting, to educate their children in good traditions and national sentiment, to communicate with the invisible, and to sublimate their aspirations for a happy life.
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Musical Instruments

Lithophone (Dan Da)

The lithophone is a set of stone slabs of different sizes and shapes fabricated through an elementary technique. These stones are available in the mountainous areas south of Central Vietnam and east of South Vietnam. Read More
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Traditional Fine Arts

Vietnam has 54 ethnic groups, each of which has its own traditional culture. The diversity of the ethnic groups is apparent in the many tra-ditional and cultural Vietnamese treasures. These treasures include the various works of art found throughout the country, including sculpture, ceramic, painting, and casting, made from materials such as clay, stone, bronze, steel, wood, and paper.
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Architecture 

Before the 10th century

Vietnamese architecture originated during the Hung Dynasty. According to several tales of Linh Nam, villages and hamlets first appeared during this period when the ancient Vietnamese used wood to build houses to protect themselves from tigers and wolves. Two kinds of houses were depicted on the bronze drums from this era. One kind of house was in the shape of a boat, and the other was in a shape of a turtle shell.
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Traditional Sculpture

In the realm of traditional art, Vietnamese I sculpture has had a significant history of development. Vietnamese sculpture has been heavily influenced by the three traditional religions, Taoism, Confucianism, and Buddhism, which come from neighbouring countries China and India. Examples of early Vietnamese sculpture can be found in common houses, temples, and pagodas.
The main categories of Vietnamese sculpture include:
- The sculpture of the Funan and Champa kingdoms in South Vietnam
- The sculpture of the Chams in Central Vietnam
- The sculpture of the Dai Viet in North Vietnam
- The sculpture of the Tomb Houses in the Central Highlands.
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Traditional Pottery & Ceramics

Prehistoric Age

In prehistoric times, ceramic products were understandably coarse as most were mixed by women from sand and other materials. Most of the designs on the surface of the ceramics were created with sticks while the products were still wet. All of the pottery products from this era had useful applications for household duties and cooking.Read More
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Fine Arts & Crafts Products

Bamboo Products

Bamboo and rattan (tre, may and song) are abundant sources of material used by Vietnamese handicraftsmen. The advantages of these products are that they are light, durable, and termite resistant.
Bamboo and rattan products from Vietnam first appeared on the world market at a Paris fair in 1931. Since then, more than 200 items made from these materials are sold overseas. Among the most popular are baskets, flower pots, lampshades, and bookshelves.Read More
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Festivals

Traditional village festivals are a great tradition and a fundamental cultural practice in the daily lives of Vietnamese people. There are hundreds of village festivals each year. Each local festival has attributes of the ethnic group or the region where it is celebrated. In addition, there are also national festivals.

National Festivals

Tet Nguyen Dan (Lunar New Year Festival) This is a time when family members gather together and offer incense on the family altar to honour their ancestors. This is also a time for people to visit and send greetings to their neighbours, friends, and relatives. Tet days are always regarded as an opportunity to As early as the 18th century, people in Nam enjoy traditional foods such as banh chung (a square-shaped sticky rice cake), the fragrance of which alone could strongly provoke one's sense of nostalgia for Tet.Read More
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Vietnamese Foods

In Vietnamese, to eat is said "an com", which literally means "eating rice", since rice is the basic element of every meal. In general, a typical meal will include the following ingredients: Read More
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Drinks

Tea

Since long ago, tea has been planted in Vietnam. Tea is dear to the Vietnamese people as coffee is to the European people.
The provinces of Thai Nguyen, Tuyen Quang, Ha Giang, Yen Bai, and Lao Cai, are regions famous for their tea plant hills. There are ancient tea plants, 300 years old or older, with trunks of about 1m in diameter. To produce good tea, the tea planter must harvest their tea at just the right time; if he misses this favourable day, his tea leaves will be too old making the tea less palatable. After harvesting, the tealeaves are put through five steps: withering, crushing, keeping warm, drying over a fire, and selection. Read More
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Flowers

Lotus (Hoa Sen)

The lotus is a plant with a flexible trunk that lives mainly in water. According to legend, it appeared one hundred million years ago. There are several varieties of lotus, including a type of lotus with a red trunk and double petals called qui. Another variety with a very small trunk, leaves, and flowers is called tich thuong. Ordinarily, these are planted in pots or water tanks. Read More

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