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Vietnam

Facts About Vietnam

Inland area: 331,211.6 sq km 
Population (2013): 88,840,000 millions people 
hotel basin Coastal line: 3,260 km 
Border line: 4,510 km 
Language: Vietnamese
Capital: Hanoi
Dialing code: +84
Currency: Vietnamese dong
Coordinates:
Latitude 102°08' -109°28' east 
Longitude 8°02' - 23°23' north
National flower of Vietnam "Lotus"

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Geography 

Lying on the eastern part of the Indochinese peninsula, Vietnam is a strip of land shaped like the letter "S". China borders it to the north, Laos and Cambodia to the west, the East Sea to the east and the Gulf of Thailand to the west and south. The country's total length from north to south is 1,650km. Its width, stretching from east to west, is 600km at the widest point in the North, 400km in the South, and 50km at the narrowest part, in the Centre, in Quang Binh Province. The coastline is 3,260km long and the inland border is 4,510km. Vietnam is also a transport junction from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.

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Topography

Vietnam's two major cultivated areas are its two deltas:

The Red River Delta, in the North, is 15,000 sq.km. Overtime, deposits of alluvium carried from the Red River and the Thai Binh River formed the delta. The ancient Viet people settled at the junction of the two rivers. It is the cradle of the Vietnamese civilization and rice culture.Read More

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Resources 

Vietnam offers a variety of mineral resources. Located beneath the subsoil are precious stones, coal, and valuable minerals, such as tin, zinc, silver, gold, and antimony. Vietnam possesses large deposits of oil and gas both on the mainland and on the offshore islands. The country also detains 400 hot mineral water sources. These are found at Kim Boi in Hoa Binh Province, Quang Hanh in Quang Ninh Province, Hoi Van in Binh Dinh Province, Vinh Hao in Binh Thuan Province, Due My in Khanh Hoa Province, Binh Chau in Ba Ria - Vung Tau Province..

Climate 

Vietnam's climate is characterized by strong monsoons, a considerable number of sunny days, high levels of rainfall, and high humidity. Although the entire country lies in the tropics and subtropics, it presents a very diverse climate according to its different altitudes and latitudes. Winters can be quite cold in the North, while the South offers sub-equatorial temperature all year-round. Some mountainous regions have temperate climates. Annual average temperature for the whole country ranges from 22°C to 27°C. The average temperature is 23°C in Ha Noi, 27°C in Ho Chi Minh City, and 25°C in Hue. The climate is generally divided into two seasons: the cold season (from November to April the next year) and the hot season (from May to October). Differences of 12°C can be observed in the Northern provinces. However, in Southern Vietnam, the difference in temperature between the two seasons, estimated at 3°C, is almost unnoticeable.

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History 

Prehistoric Era

Paleolithic Age

Human life started in Vietnam a very long time ago. In fact, archaeologists have found vestiges of Homo Erectus, in the caves of Lang Son, Nghe An and Yen Bai provinces, as well as the discovery of some artifacts at Do Mountain (Thanh Hoa Province), Than Sa (Thai Nguyen Province), Son Vi (Phu Tho Province) between 10,000 to 30,000 years ago. In the Pre-Palaeolithic Age, the population was rather large and widespread. People living at this time, used trimmed pebbles as tools.Read More
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Population & People 

The Vietnamese population was born through a mix of two major ancient cultures: the Chinese and the Indian. Thus a peculiar trait of Vietnam's culture was formed. As far as anthropology is concerned, the Vietnamese people have their origins in the Mongoloid race, believed to be one of the most ancient races and often found in northern and eastern Asia. At present, there are 54 different ethnic groups inhabiting Vietnam. The Kinh people or Viet represent 80% of the whole population. Many minorities possess its own traditions and language. Read More


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Religion 

Vietnamese religious beliefs have been influenced by combined values of the three traditional religions forming the Tam Giao (Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism), as well as ancestor worship, Catholicism and Islam.

Buddhism

Introduced in Vietnam in the 2nd century, Buddhism reached its apogee during the Ly Dynasty (11th century) and was considered as the official ideology. Its influence also left marks in various areas of traditional literature and architecture. Many pagodas and temples were built during this time. Read More
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