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Festival

Just after the Tet holiday, a lot of festivals and celebrations happen in Ha Noi and the surrounding villages.

Dong Da Festival

5th day of the 1st lunar month .
Dong Da Festival commemorates the excellence of Emperor Quang Trung. The offering sacrifice takes place in Khuong Thuong Communal House and the mass for peace of the dead souls takes place at Dong Quang Pagoda. After the procession of the Thang Long fire dragons, there is an offering of incense and a litany reciting ceremony. There are also games, such as strength and talent competitions, held in the front yard of the hill.

Soc Temple Festival

6th -8th days of the 1st lunar month at Soc Temple. 
The festival is organized every year to commemorate the legend hero Thanh Giong (Genie Giong). See page 111 (Giong Festival).

Perfume Pagoda Festival

6th day of the 1st lunar month until the middle of the 3rd lunar month .
This festival lasts for nearly three months and is the longest festival held in Viet Nam. The principal day is the 15th of the 2nd lunar month. 
During the Perfume Pagoda Festival, tens of thousands of tourists and pilgrims come to admire the beautiful landscapes, the grottoes and caves, and to implore the spirits for good luck, wealth and happiness in the several pagodas scattered throughout this mountainous area.

Co Loa Festival

6th -16th day of the pt lunar month..
Co Loa Festival takes place every year at An Duong Vuong Temple in Dong Anh District, on the outskirts of Ha Noi. Co Loa Festival commemorates Thuc Phan An Duong Vuong, the man to whom the 18th Hung King gave his throne. An Duong Vuong named his country Au Lac and chose Co Loa as the capital. Twelve hamlets take part in the procession for the Spirits and in the many activities such as swinging, rice cooking competitions, and tru and cheo singing.

Trieu Khuc Festival

10th - 12th day of the 1st lunar month.. 
Trieu Khuc Village, part of the greater village of Tan Trieu, is renowned for its hats, silk, embroidery and other handicrafts. The festival takes place every year at the communal house of the village to commemorate themer-its of national hero Phung Hung (770-798) and to celebrate the weaving profession. After the offering sacrifice, it is time for entertainment with the unicorn dance, wrestling, cheo performances, as well as Bong dancing, which is an ancient and very unusual dance.

Va Temple Festival

Spring Festival: the 15th day of the 1st lunar month. 
Autumn Festival: the 15th day of the 9th lunar month. 
Located in Van Gia Village, Trinh Hung Commune, Son Tay Town, Va Temple is dedicated to the Mountain God of Tan Vien, one of the Four Immortals in the Vietnamese pantheon, a benevolent god who is believed to protect the locals from evils and bring about good things. 
Va Temple Festival usually takes place two times in a year:
The Spring Festival starts with water procession early on the 15th day of the first lunar month. The boat with the palanquin holding a porcelain jar accompanied by other boats, sails to the middle of the Red River. After a worshipping ritual, a village elderly man uses a ladle to scoop water into the jar. When the jar is full, the procession makes it way back to the Temple for the ritual of washing the statues worshipped there. 
The Autumn Festival (Fish catching festival) celebrates Tan Vien's merit in teaching the local population the craft of fishing.

Dong Nhan Temple Festival

3rd -6th day of the 2nd lunar month. 
Dong Nhan Temple belongs to Hai Ba Trung District. The temple is devoted to the two Trung Sisters, two heroines who achieved great distinction fighting against foreign aggressors, securing independence for the country and adding a lustrous page to the nation's history. The festival is held to commemorate the achievements of the two sisters. It includes a solemn ceremony as well as many games.

Bat Trang Village Festival

14th . 16th day of the 2th lunar month.. 
Bat Trang craft village has been famous for making ceramics for hundreds of years. The village lies by the Red River, belonging to Gia Lam District, Ha Noi. The village boasts communal house, pagoda, and temple. In addition to religious function, they are also places for the gathering of villagers on holidays. 
The Bat Trang Festival takes place annually at Bat Trang Communal House to commemorate the village's patron saint. The festival has rituals of water and tablet processions, bathing tablet, offering a burned buffalo, six trays of food and four trays of sticky rice to the patron saint. When the rituals end, offerings are divided to families in the village.

Thay Pagoda Festival

5th -7th clay of the 3rd lunar month 
The Thay Pagoda, built in Sai Son Village in Quoc Oai District, is devoted to the cult of Buddha Sakyamuni and Tu Dao Hanh, a Buddhist monk who became king and who created Vietnamese puppetry. During the festival, there is a lot of entertainment and many games. The water puppet show at the Thuy Dinh House is a favourite. 
At the Thay Pagoda Festival, in addition to witnessing various practices associated with the cult of Buddha, visitors may also enjoy hiking, rock climbing or contemplating the natural landscapes of the Doai region.

Tay Phuong Pagoda Festival

6th day of the 3rd lunar month 
This annual festival is held at the Tay Phuong Pagoda in Thach Xa Commune, Thach That District. Visitors come to the festival to pray to Buddha for fortune and to enjoy the pagoda, which was built in the architectural style of the later Le Dynasty, and the wooden statues of the 18 arhats.

Le Mat Village Festival

23rd day of the rd lunar month. 
Le Mat Village i belongs to the greater village of Viet Hung in Long Bien District. The festival is held to commemorate the son of the Hoang family (the tutelary spirit of the village) who reclaimed the wasteland to found the village. The highlight of the festivities is the snake dance, an origianal performance held in the yard of the communal house; this dance is significant because the population of Le Mat is renowned for catching and breeding snakes. 
The Le Mat Festival is an opportunity for the children of the village to learn about and to be reminded of the history of the difficult establishment of their village, to share happiness, and to express their gratitude to their ancestors.

Fourth Lunar Month

Giong Festival in Phu Dong & Soc temples

6th -8th days of the 1st lunar month at Soc Temple.
7th -9th day of the 4th lunar month at Phu Dong Temple. 
Giong Festival is held annually from the 7th day to the day of the 4th lunar month at Phu Dong Temple (Phu Dong Village, Gia Lam District) and from the 6th day to the 8th days of the 1st lunar month at Soc Temple (Soc Son District) to commemorate Genie Giong (Thanh Giong). In the legend, Thanh Giong was credited for defending the country by defeating the foreign enemy before flying to heaven. He was trusted and worshipped as a first-class genie among the other genies of the Viet Nam. It is said that Phu Dong Village was Giong's homeland and Soc Son was the final place Genie Giong took a rest before flying to Heaven. 
Annually, in the 1st and 4th lunar months, the Giong Festival is held in a traditional way by re-enacting his feats against foreign invaders with symbolic performances such as riding a white horse to the battle, orchestrating an elaborate flag dance to symbolize the battle, and incorporating 28 female enemy generals to symbolize the yin elements. Masters such as tine Flag Master, the Drum Master, and the Gong Master are trained in accordance with the festive regulations handed down from the past. 
During the festival days, take place the procession, traditional music and dance performances, Cheo singing (a Vietnamese classical opera), and some folklore games. 
This festival reflects the moral system of the Viet Nam to express the concord in families and nation as well as the desire for peace for the country. On November, 2010, UNESCO recognized the Giong Festival in Phu Dong and Soc temples as Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.


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